Radio Waves – Obsolete or as Relevant as Ever?

Samuel Hughes, Year 12, Cardiff High School, Cardiff One of the most important scientific discoveries that still affects the world today was predicted by Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, realised by German physicist Heinrich Hertz and pioneered by Italian physicist Guglielmo Marconi. Since its discovery, it has made communication possible over vast distances, enabled billions…

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The Invention Giving Women Control

Polly Painter, Year 12, Millfield School, Somerset The pill has ignited a revolution towards female empowerment. Invented by Gregory Goodwin Pincus and Carl Djerassi and approved in 1960, the invention of the pill was a monumental challenge but also an astounding breakthrough. In conjunction with introducing birth control into a country where thirty states had…

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Zero: The Revolutionary Invention of Nothing

Luke Hayward, Year 12, King Edward VI School Stratford-Upon-Avon, Warwickshire Invention, discovery and scientific advancement are arguably the things that set humans apart from all other beings on our planet. Our capacity for abstract thought, coupled with a deep desire to apply our findings to real world problems has expanded the capabilities of Homo sapiens…

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The Haber Process: A Simple Discovery that Changed the World

Mukhtar Quraishi, Year 12, Clitheroe Royal Grammar School, Lancashire The Haber Process seems like a simple discovery. The process takes nitrogen and hydrogen to form ammonia and is seemingly unimportant. It feels like a backyard experiment gone wrong. After all, ammonia is a toxin to sea life and is even a common by-product of reactions…

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To Pull or Not To Pull: The Question of Forceps

India Thomas, Year 12, Monk’s Walk School, Hertfordshire Many frequently used obstetrical inventions, like the epidural, were developed during the 20th century. But some of the most widespread and effective technologies evolved during the dark ages of medicine and somehow have survived all way into the 21st century. One such invention is the forceps. In…

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How the discovery of penicillin has influenced modern medicine

Christen Rayner, Year 12, St Anthony’s & St Aidan’s Sixth Form, Tyne and Wear Runner-up for the Schools Science Writing Competition, Trinity Term 2020 ‘Prior to penicillin and medical research, death was an everyday occurrence. It was intimate.’ Katherine Dunn The discovery of penicillin was undoubtedly one of the most important scientific discoveries in recent…

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